The most common cause of hemiplegia is stroke. Strokes can cause a variety of movement disorders, depending on the location and severity of the lesion. Hemiplegia is common when the stroke affects the corticospinal tract. Other causes of hemiplegia include spinal cord injury, specifically Brown-Séquard syndrome, traumatic brain injury, or disease affecting the brain.

As a lesion that results in hemiplegia occurs in the brain or spinal cord, hemiplegic muscles display features of the Upper Motor Neuron Syndrome. Features other than weakness include decreased movement control, clonus (a series of involuntary rapid muscle contractions), spasticity, exaggerated deep tendon reflexes and decreased endurance.

The incidence of hemiplegia is much higher in premature babies than term babies. There is also a high incidence of hemiplegia during pregnancy and experts believe that this may be related to either a traumatic delivery, use of forceps or some event which causes brain injury.

Other causes of hemiplegia in adults include trauma, bleeding, brain infections and cancers. Individuals who have uncontrolled diabetes, hypertension or those who smoke have a higher chance of developing a stroke. Weakness on one side of the face may occur and may be due to a viral infection, stroke or a cancer.

Start M3 Hemi

A sound and solid basis. Followed up with targeted customization. What more can you ask for? The StartM3 Hemi is the Start family variant for stroke patients with hemiplegia and offers highly customizedfitting options. The StartM3 Hemi has a low front seat height of 36.5 cm and includes the Hemi Kit –a distance piece to enlarge the foot space.

Interested in the Start M3 Hemi? Find you r nearest Ottobock Mobility dealer and book an assessment today!


Other suitable wheelchairs


The Motus is an adaptive wheelchair that can be customised to your unique preferences. Adjustable on the fly, the swing-away footrests and height-adjustable back allows for more comfortable seating.



Specifically developed to offer maximum stability and comfort, the Avantgarde3 range integrates manoeuvrability, light-weight materials and modern design to promote independence and mobility for users.


B400 Powerchair

Whatever your plans are, the B400 is the ideal companion. Thanks to its compact design, it allows you to easily master everyday challenges – at home, shopping or in the restaurant.